Do you have a Valentine in your family tree? In February 2018, I posted the story of Valentine Creager, my husband’s ancestor. Now, I relate the story of Valentine Maurer, my mother’s ancestor. The story begins in Germany and ends in New York.
How do you pronounce “Maurer”? According to mom, the name sounded like “more- er”. As with other stories about mom’s family, I started with Great-Aunt Viola’s handwritten family history.  Part of my grandmother’s ancestry reads:
Valentine Maurer, 2/12/1827 – ?
[Born] Alsace-Lorraine Germany
[Wife] Kathrine Korzelins 11/4/1824- 2/14/ ?
(She died on Valentine Maurer’s namesake day one year after his death. She was born in Baden-Baden Germany)
Philip Jacob Maurer
Born in Kolncolnge Germany. Date unknown
Born in Holland. Date Unknown
My focus was clear – to discover the story of Valentine and Kathrine. Spelling of Kathrine’s name varies and is reported here as spelled on each document.
The 1860 census for Valentine and Catharine Maurer provided an early clue. The family appeared in Galloway, Atlantic county, New Jersey on 15 August 1860:
- Valentine Maurer, age 31, laborer, born Germany
- Catherine Maurer, age 31, born Germany
- Valentine Maurer, age 2, born New Jersey
- Herman Maurer, age 7/12, born New Jersey (my great-grandfather)
Since both children were born in New Jersey, Valentine and Catharine apparently immigrated to the United States by about 1857.
By 1863, the family had moved from New Jersey to Brooklyn, Kings county, New York. Valentine Maurer, age 34, birthplace Germany, appears on a Civil War Draft Registration Record.  I haven’t found any Civil War service records for him.
Where was the family in 1870? I am still looking! See “Name variations in census records: Maurer & Klee” In 1880 , they still lived in Brooklyn, Kings county, New York. Four children had joined the family (as transcribed):
- Mauiner, Valentine, W M, 52, head, machinist, born Baden, father born Baden, mother born Baden.
- Annie C, wife, W F, 32, born Prussia, father born Prussia, mother born Prussia
- Valentine, son, W M, 22, machine building shop, born New Jersey
- Herman, son, W M, 20, brass moulder, born New Jersey.
- Kattie, daughter, W F, 14, paper box maker, born New York.
- Rosie, daughter, W F , 12, at home, born New York.
- Joseph, son, W F, age 9, at school, born New York.
- Edward, son, W M, 5, at home, born New York.
The six years difference between the births of Herman and Kattie suggest that Valentine may have served in the Civil War. Names of the children on these two census records correspond to Viola’s information except for one item. She did not record any information about the oldest son, Valentine. Viola may not have known about Herman’s older brother or had forgotten him.
Valentine Maurer II died on 21 March 1888 at the age of 29 years 10 months and 21 days in Brooklyn, Kings county, New York. Cause of death? “Asthema”. Calculated birthdate is 1 May 1858. This is consistent with his age of 2 years on 1860 census. Residency in Brooklyn for 25 years further supports the family’s move to New York by 1863.
DISCREPANCY: According to his death certificate, Herman was born on 16 October 1858.  However, Herman’s age of 7/12 in August 1860 suggests birth in February 1860. Did I identify the correct family on 1860 census? If so, why the difference?
Family origins: Baden is in the southwest corner of Germany near France. This western German border, also known as Alsace-Lorraine, alternated between French and German rule throughout its history. Prussia, in the northeast corner of Germany, is now part of Russia.
In 1883, Valentine and Anna Katharina wrote in the autograph book of Anna Klee, Herman’s future wife. Read more about Anna’s autograph book in “Sources” section of this post. Both entries were written in German. Her signature as “Anna Katharina Maurer” confirms use of both names. 
Valentine may have traveled back to Germany in June 1888  then returned to the United States in September 1888. The traveler’s age of 61 suggests a possible identification. Did this journey occur because of the death of his oldest son in March 1888?
The 1892 New York State census fills a gap left by the mostly destroyed 1890 census records. Valentine, age 65, and Annie, age 64, lived on Hopkins Street in Brooklyn, Kings county, New York at that time. Three of their children still lived with them: Rosie, age 24, box maker; Joseph, age 23, brass worker; and Edward, age 17, mechanic. Valentine and Annie’s status as “C” or “citizen” suggests that both were now naturalized American citizens.
Valentine Maurer, age 71 years 7 months 9 days, died on 21 September 1898 in his home, 169 Hopkins Street, Brooklyn, Kings, New York. ,  His calculated birth date is 12 February 1827, same date recorded by great-aunt Viola. I don’t know how she learned of his birthdate. She didn’t report a death date so she possibly did not have a copy of his death certificate. Other interesting items from Valentine’s death certificate:
- Occupation: surgical instrument maker
- Birthplace: Baden, Germany
- How long in U.S.: 43 years [estimated immigration year 1855]
- How long a resident in City of New York: 37 years [estimated year 1862]
- Father’s name: Leonhan Maurer. Father’s birthplace: Baden Germany
- Mother’s name: Marie Maurer. Mother’s birthplace: Baden Germany
- Cause of death: Asthenia following pneumonia
Now, I turn to Valentine’s wife, Anna Katharina. Her name is listed as Catherine Korselious and Katherine Korzilous on the death certificates for two of her children. Viola’s spelling of her surname as Korzelins is similar. Census records suggest that she was born in 1827 or 1828 rather than 1824 as reported by Viola. The actual date of 4 November is perhaps true. When did she immigrate to the United States? Did she and Valentine “meet on the boat” per oral family history? Anna Maurer died on 12 February 1899 in Brooklyn, New York.  Probate records, both filed on 12 March 1899, name their children and current residences- “Herman Maurer. . . Katie (wife of Stephen) Scheffel, Joseph Maurer and Edward Maurer of the Borough of Brooklyn, County of Kings, New York and Rosina (wife of Jacob) Schnitz of Jersey City, New Jersey.”
Biographical Timeline –Valentine Maurer (1827, Baden, Germany – 1898, Brooklyn, New York, USA)
- Birth– 12 Feb 1827 in Baden, Germany to Leonhard Maurer and Marie Metzger.
- About 1855- Immigration to United States
- About 1856 – Marriage to Anna Katharina Korselious
- 1858- Birth of son, Valentine, New Jersey
- 1859- Birth of son, Herman, New Jersey
- 1860 – Living in Galloway, Atlantic county, New Jersey
- About 1862/1863- move to Brooklyn, Kings County, New York
- 1870 – Possibly living in Brooklyn (not confirmed)
- 1880 –Living in Brooklyn
- 1883- Marriage of son, Herman, to Anna Klee, daughter of Louis Klee and Anna Wolf
- March 1888 – Death of oldest son, Valentine
- June 1888 – September 1888–Travel to and return from Germany
- 1889 – Marriage of daughter, Katie, to Stephen Scheffel
- 1892 – Living in Brooklyn
- 1895- Marriage of daughter, Rosie/ Rosina, to William Jacob Smetts
- 1897- Marriage of son, Edward, to Margaret “Maggie” Roper
- 21 Sep 1898—Death of Valentine Maurer
- 12 Feb 1899 – death of wife, Anna Katharina Korzelins Maurer
- 1905 – Marriage of son, Joseph, to Emma Beck
Writing this post helped me with a timeline perspective. Clarified some items. How did Viola know about Valentine Maurer’s birthdate? Is there a missing family Bible? When did Anna immigrate? I continue to be thrilled that great-aunt Viola was such a good historian. Even though her manuscript lacked sources, I have found many documents that support her information. I share my information with cousins through this blog and other written materials. As always, there are still questions. I partially met the reasonably exhaustive criterion of the Genealogical Proof Standard.
What helped: Having copies of death certificates for Valentine, Valentine II, Herman, Katie and Joseph. Probate records for Valentin and Anna Katharina, both filed on the same day. Recent careful review of research.
What didn’t help: Not having 1870 or 1875 census for family. I looked again on two databases. A page by page review of the Brooklyn census seems to be the next step.
Future plans: Search Civil War Records again for Valentine Maurer. Continue search for family in 1870 and 1875 census records. Locate naturalization records for Valentine and Anna Katharina. Order Anna Katharina Maurer’s death certificate-done 6 Feb 2019.
©Susan Posten Ellerbee and Posting Family Roots 2019
 Viola Blanche Maurer Tucker, “Maurer-Tucker Family History,” 2 sections; MS, 1800s to 1980s, Huntington, Suffolk County, New York; privately held by great-niece, Susan Mercedes Posten Ellerbee, [address for private use], Yukon, Oklahoma, 2017. Carbon copy of original document created ca. 1975-1980 and sent to Viola’s niece, Eunice Bertha Tucker Posten, Ms. Ellerbee’s mother.
 “Deutschland Gerburten und Taufen, 1558-1898,” database, Family Search (https: //familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1: J8H : accessed 11 February 2019), Valentin Maurer, 09 February 1827; citing FHL microfilm 936,825. NOTE: I found this record as I was re-checking sources for this post.
 1860 U.S. Federal Census, Atlantic county, New Jersey, population schedule, Galloway, p. 291 (penned), dwelling 2238, family 2205, Herman Maurer age 7/12; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed, downloaded, printed 14 November 2017); citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C., microfilm publication M653_682.
 “Civil War Draft Registration Records, 1863-1865,” digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed & downloaded 24 November 2018), entry for Valentin Maurer, age 34; citing Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau (Civil War), Record Group 110. National Archives at Washington, D.C.; original source: Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General’s Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110. NAI: 4213514; Archive volume number: 3 of 5.
 1880 U.S. Census, Kings county, New York, population schedule, Brooklyn, enumeration district (ED) 182, p. 42B (ink pen), sheet 325B (stamp), dwelling 161, family 465, Mauiner [Maurer] Valentine, age 52; digital images, Family Search (https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:6HS : accessed, printed, downloaded 13 August 2018); citing National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, D.C. microfilm publication T9, roll 0852.
 Brooklyn, New York, Department of Health of the City of Brooklyn, certificate of death no. 4076 (21 March 1888), Valentin Maurer; New York City Municipal Archives, New York City, New York.
 Brooklyn, New York, Department of Health of the City of New York, certificate of death no. 10424 (1927, Hermann Maurer, New York City Municipal Archives, New York City, New York.
 Anna (Klee) Maurer . “Autographs Album” ( book, Brooklyn, New York, ca 1883); privately held by Susan M. Posten Ellerbee, [address for private use,], Yukon, Oklahoma, 2017. Ms. Ellerbee is Anna’s great-granddaughter. The book was found in the personal effects of Ms. Ellerbee’s mother, Eunice Bertha (Tucker) Posten and was probably given to her by her mother, Charlotte A. (Maurer) Tucker, daughter of Herman and Anna. Unnumbered page, written in German, “An Anna, dated Oktober 19, 83, [signed] Anna Katharina Maurer.”
 “U.S. Passport Applications, 1795-1925,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 November 2018), entry for Valentin Maurer 07 June 1888; citing “Passport Application, 1795 – 1905, National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C. : microfilm publication M1372, General Records Department of State, Record Group 59.
 “New York, Passenger and Crew Lists (including Castle Garden and Ellis Island), 1820-1957,” digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 November 2018), entry for Valentin Maurer, birth date abt 1827; citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C. microfilm publication M237_524; Line 38; List number 1200.
 New York State Department of Health, “New York, State Census, 1892,” database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed, downloaded 31 January 2018), entry for Valentine Maurer, age 55; citing New York State Education Department, Office of Cultural Education, Albany, New York; 173 Hopkins Street.
 Brooklyn, New York. Department of Health of the City of New York. Certificate of death no. 16339 (1898), New York City Municipal Archives, New York City, New York.
 “New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999,” digital records, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com : accessed and printed, 9 December 2015); probate case file for Valentine Maurer, filed 21 March 1899; citing New York. Surrogate’s Court (King’s County), Probate case files, Kings County, New York. Filed by son, Herman Maurer; names children.
 New York, Bureau of Records, Department of Health, Borough of Brooklyn, Certificate of Death no. 23456 (4 December 1941), Katherine A. Scheffel; Municipal Archives, New York City, New York.
 New York, Bureau of Records, Department of Health, Borough of Brooklyn, Certificate of Death no. 24968 (14 December 1929), Joseph Maurer; Municipal Archives, York City, New York.
 New York, Wills and Probate Records, 1659-1999,” digital records, Ancestry (https://www.ancestry.com : accessed and printed 20 May 2016); probate case file for Anna Katharina Maurer, filed 21 March 1899; citing New York. Surrogate’s Court (King’s County), Probate case files, Kings County, New York. Filed by son, Herman Maurer; names children.