Remember dot-to-dot pictures? Each dot has a number, letter of the alphabet or other logical system for you to follow. The dots don’t appear to make sense at first. However, when you connect the dots correctly, a picture emerges. My current genealogy research efforts seem like that. Each piece of information is a dot. All I have to do is go to the next logical dot and a family picture will emerge. But, the dots don’t always present themselves in a logical manner. Dots are missing. The resulting picture looks more like a scribbled mess. In this post, I describe the status of my Posten files. Think of each file as a dot on the overall picture.
Early in my research, I discovered several published genealogies of Poston families. These narratives outlined Poston families who originated in Pennsylvania but subsequently moved south. One author even stated: “There are no Postons listed in the Pennsylvania census for that year  .”  While that may be true, families with a similar surname, Posten (my maiden name) and its variations, lived in Pennsylvania from 1790 on. Are the Poston families and Posten families connected? I am not sure and keep an open mind.
Summary of my Posten files:
- Dad’s direct ancestral line. I can trace our branch of the Posten family from Dad to Thomas Postens, born 1782 at New Jersey and died 1854 at Monroe county, Pennsylvania. Census records, birth and death certificates prove the lineage. With few exceptions, Dad’s family, including Dad’s siblings, lived in Pennsylvania from the 1800s to the present. I am working on collateral lines. In August, 2017, my husband and I visited the graves of Thomas and his wife, Esther Brown at Friends Burial Ground in Stroudsburg, Monroe county, Pennsylvania. 
- New Jersey Posten families. Posten men paid taxes in New Jersey in the 1780s and 1790s.  I believe that at least two of those men – Richard Postens and William Postens- moved to Bucks county, Pennsylvania by 1800. ,  Either one, or another man, could be Thomas’ father. Samuel Posten, born about 1794, has been identified as progenitor of a Posten family which still resides in Monmouth county, New Jersey. 
- Jacob Postens and Anne Burson. Jacob, born about 1755 In New Jersey, identified as our family’s ancestor by an elderly aunt.  When I wanted to join the Daughters of the American Revolution, I pursued this assertion but found it to be false. Dad’s family is definitely NOT descended from Jacob and Anne. Given Jacob’s reported birthplace of New Jersey, my Posten family and Jacob’s family could still be related.
- Elihu Posten family. Elihu lived in Monroe county, Pennsylvania in the early 1800s. (Note: Recall that Thomas Postens died in Monroe county). Elihu’s first wife was Eleanor Transue and they had nine children. Eleanor died in 1841 and Elihu married Elizabeth Eilenberger about 1842. They had two children. William Posten, son of Elihu and Elizabeth, moved to Wisconsin.  Elihu and our Thomas could be brothers.
- Benjamin Avery Posten (1839, Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania – 1905, Pulaski county, Missouri). A chance meeting between Dad and one of Benjamin’s descendants led me to search for this family. The genealogy from Benjamin through the 20th century is fairly clear. Researchers differ as to the identity of Benjamin’s parents.
- Posten families in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania. I started this file as supplement to Benjamin Avery Posten’s file. Names from the early to mid-1800s include, among others, Cornelius Posten, Peter Posten and several men named William Posten. Research on these families is ongoing. Relationships are still tentative.
- James Posten and Rhoda Shaffer, Iowa. James Posten (1790, Pennsylvania – )  I believe that James is the son of Peter Posten, found in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania in 1800 and 1810. Both Peter and James were recorded next to each other on Licking county, Ohio, census in 1820.  Five of James and Rhoda’s six children were born in Ohio. Earlier this year, I was contacted by a descendant of James and Rhoda but we don’t share any DNA. On some online trees, James Posten of Iowa is mistakenly identified as son of Jacob Postens and Anne Burson. Jacob and Anne had a son named James but he never left Pennsylvania.
- Miscellaneous Posten families. This file contains a mix of records for persons with Posten surname in various places including Indiana, Kansas and Kentucky. I haven’t followed up on any of these.
Are any of the Posten families named above related to Dad’s family? That question, my friends, is unanswered. Each file contains multiple dots (i.e. discrete pieces of information such as census records, BMD certificates, wills, letters, etc.). For some files, the picture is emerging nicely. In other files, it’s still a scribbled mess.
This post summarizes personal research on my Posten line. I wrote it as a ‘note to self’ type memorandum as I veer off in other directions. When I come to a hurdle for one person or family, I put it aside and move on. My 2012 Posten history now seems vary amateurish and incomplete. I was definitely a novice and amateur genealogist when I wrote it! I have a lot more information now about each family. As far as revising 2012 Posten history, I am stuck on Thomas and finding his parents.
What I learned: I have made good progress for some families, not so much for others. Goal of revising my 2012 Posten history led me to re-open files and look more critically at what I have. My analysis and research skills have improved over the years. Take extensive notes about searches, findings and initial analysis. Research logs are a must!
What helped: paper and digital files for each family group, including family trees in RootsMagic.
What didn’t help: Items in files with no idea about source. Incomplete source information. Sources that seem to have disappeared. Minimal and/or no research logs. Items not organized in any meaningful way. But, I guess that’s the way many of us start – copy an item and file it, organize later.
To-do: Record notes about searches and results. Continue to create research logs. Organize individual items in each file by family group or category—lots of paper clips! Continue revision of 2012 Posten history but leave chapter on Thomas for now.
 Erma Poston Landers, A Poston Family of South Carolina: Its Immigrant Ancestor and some of his descendants: A Family Genealogy (Atlanta, Georgia: Erma Poston Landers [Lake City, South Carolina], 1965]. Digital copy accessed & printed, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 24 March 2010), page 5.
 Friends Burial Ground (Stroudsburg, Monroe, Pennsylvania), markers for Thomas Postens and Esther Postens; personally read, August 2017.
 “New Jersey, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1643-1890, database, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed multiple dates, May and June, 2020); citing Ronald V. Jackson, Accelerated Indexing Systems, “New Jersey Census, 1643-1890,”, data from microfilmed records including indexes to 1772-1822 tax list.
 Richard Postens, 1800 census. 1800 U.S. Census, Northampton county, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Lower Smithfield, p. 618, line 24, Richard Postens; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed & downloaded 29 May 2020); citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C. microfilm publication M32, roll 37.
 William Postens, 1790 census at Bucks county. 1790 U.S. Census, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, population schedule, no town given, page 112, line 5, William Pofte [Poste]; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed & downloaded 30 January 2020); citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C. microfilm publicaiton M637, roll 8.
 Personal correspondence with [Name withheld for privacy], Monmouth county, New Jersey, circa 1990s.
 Typewritten genealogy, Posten family tradition regarding lineage of John Posten to Jacob Posten (b 1755) as reported by Ruby Gardiner, granddaughter of Daniel Posten & Phoebe Fulkerson to Vera Posten Brooks, ca. 1989; privately held by Ellerbee, [address for private use,] Yukon, Oklahoma. Copy sent by Ms. Brooks to Ms. Ellerbee about 1990.
 Wisconsin, son of Elihu and Elizabeth. 1880 U.S. Census, Grant county, Wisconsin, population schedule, enumeration district (ED) 116, Millville, p. 243A, dwelling 6, family 6, William Poston [Posten] ; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 22 June 2020 ); citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C. microfilm publication T9, roll 1427.
 Susan Posten Ellerbee, James Posten-Rhoda Shaffer Family Group Sheet, Family charts and Group Sheets, privately held by Ellerbee, [ADDRESS FOR PRIVATE USE], Yukon, Canadian, Oklahoma. In vertical file, “Iowa Posten Family”, data collected circa 2000-2020.
 1820 U.S. Census, Licking county, Ohio, population schedule, Franklin, page 21, image 35, line 10, Peter Posten, line 11, James Posten; digital images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : viewed 12 June 2020); citing National Archives & Records Administration, Washington, D.C., microfilm publication, M33_94.